Why is that interesting?
Its a dec alpha.
I’m using a windows tablet.
Also I’m in an airplane.
Why is that interesting?
Its a dec alpha.
I’m using a windows tablet.
Also I’m in an airplane.
Somehow I never noticed this until making what seemed like a pointless GCC config.
You can apparently build a GCC like this:
sh configure –host=i386-winnt35 –target=alpha-winnt35
And you can get a cross compiler.
The real question is, does it work? I don’t know I don’t have a cross assembler, linker or a target machine.
D:\proj\gcc-3.0.4\gcc>xgcc -v Using builtin specs. Configured with: : (reconfigured) : (reconfigured) : (reconfigured) Thread model: single gcc version 3.0.4
D:\proj\gcc-3.0.4\gcc>xgcc -v -S hi.c
Using builtin specs.
Configured with: : (reconfigured) : (reconfigured) : (reconfigured)
Thread model: single
gcc version 3.0.4
cc1 -lang-c -v -iprefix ../lib/gcc-lib/alpha-winnt35/3.0.4/ -D__GNUC__=3 -D__GNUC_MINOR__=0 -D__GNUC_PATCHLEVEL__=4 -DWIN32 -D_WIN32 -DWINNT -D__STDC__=0 -DALMOST_STDC -D_M_ALPHA -D_ALPHA_ -D_LONGLONG -D__unaligned= -D__stdcall= -D__WIN32__ -D_WIN32 -D__WINNT__ -D__STDC__=0 -D__ALMOST_STDC__ -D_M_ALPHA -D_ALPHA_ -D_LONGLONG -D__unaligned= -D__stdcall= -D__WIN32 -D__WINNT -D__ALMOST_STDC -Asystem=winnt -D__NO_INLINE__ -D__STDC_HOSTED__=1 -D__LANGUAGE_C__ -D__LANGUAGE_C -DLANGUAGE_C -Acpu=alpha -Amachine=alpha -D__alpha -D__alpha__ -D__alpha_ev4__ -Acpu=ev4 hi.c -quiet -dumpbase hi.c -version -o hi.s
GNU CPP version 3.0.4 (cpplib)
GNU C version 3.0.4 (alpha-winnt35)
compiled by GNU C version 5.1.0.
ignoring nonexistent directory “../lib/gcc-lib/alpha-winnt35/3.0.4/include”
ignoring nonexistent directory “../lib/gcc-lib/alpha-winnt35/3.0.4/../../../../alpha-winnt35/sys-include”
ignoring nonexistent directory “../lib/gcc-lib/alpha-winnt35/3.0.4/../../../../alpha-winnt35/include”
ignoring nonexistent directory “NONE/include”
ignoring nonexistent directory “D:/pcem/building/MinGW/msys/1.0/local/lib/gcc-lib/alpha-winnt35/3.0.4/include”
ignoring nonexistent directory “D:/pcem/building/MinGW/msys/1.0/local/lib/gcc-lib/alpha-winnt35/3.0.4/../../../../alpha-winnt35/sys-include”
ignoring nonexistent directory “D:/pcem/building/MinGW/msys/1.0/local/lib/gcc-lib/alpha-winnt35/3.0.4/../../../../alpha-winnt35/include”
#include “…” search starts here:
End of search list.
This is what the output looks like, which looks nothing like targeting the i386 so I guess so?
.set noreorder .set volatile .set noat .globl __fltused .file 1 "hi.c" .rdata .quad 0 $LC0: .ascii "Hello from GCC %s\12\0" $LC1: .ascii "3.0.4\0" .text .align 2 .globl main .ent main main: .frame $15,0,$26,0 .mask 0x4008000,0 lda $30,-16($30) stq $26,0($30) stq $15,8($30) mov $30,$15 .prologue 0 jsr $26,__main lda $1,$LC0 addl $1,$31,$2 lda $1,$LC1 addl $1,$31,$1 mov $2,$16 mov $1,$17 jsr $26,printf mov $15,$30 ldq $26,0($30) ldq $15,8($30) lda $30,16($30) ret $31,($26),1 .end main
I cannot understand why you want this, or why I’m even going to do it. At this point in GCC history the winnt-3.5 target had been dumped in favour of going all in with Cygwin. So yeah, this does not either clearly configure, or compile. But a little bit of mashing files, and I have it at least compiling some assembly that can be translated into an object file that a later version of MinGW can actually compile.
All I’ve built is the gcc driver, the cpp pre-processor, and the cc1 aka C backend.
D:\proj\gcc-3.0.4\gcc>xgcc -c -v hi.c Using builtin specs. Configured with: Thread model: single gcc version 3.0.4 cc1 -lang-c -v -iprefix ../lib/gcc-lib/i386-winnt35/3.0.4/ -D__GNUC__=3 -D__GNUC_MINOR__=0 -D__GNUC_PATCHLEVEL__=4 -Dunix -DWIN32 -D_WIN32 -DWINNT -D_M_IX86=300 -D_X86_=1 -D__STDC__=0 -DALMOST_STDC -D_MSC_VER=800 -D__stdcall=__attribute__((__stdcall__)) -D__cdecl=__attribute__((__cdecl__)) -D_cdecl=__attribute__((__cdecl__)) -D__unix__ -D__WIN32__ -D_WIN32 -D__WINNT__ -D_M_IX86=300 -D_X86_=1 -D__STDC__=0 -D__ALMOST_STDC__ -D_MSC_VER=800 -D__stdcall=__attribute__((__stdcall__)) -D__cdecl=__attribute__((__cdecl__)) -D__cdecl__=__attribute__((__cdecl__)) -D__unix -D__WIN32 -D__WINNT -D__ALMOST_STDC -D__cdecl=__attribute__((__cdecl__)) -Asystem=unix -Asystem=winnt -D__NO_INLINE__ -D__STDC_HOSTED__=1 -Acpu=i386 -Amachine=i386 -Di386 -D__i386 -D__i386__ -D__tune_i386__ hi.c -quiet -dumpbase hi.c -version -o C:\Users\jason\AppData\Local\Temp\ccpflisr.s GNU CPP version 3.0.4 (cpplib) (80386, BSD syntax) GNU C version 3.0.4 (i386-winnt35) compiled by GNU C version 5.1.0. ignoring nonexistent directory "../lib/gcc-lib/i386-winnt35/3.0.4/include" ignoring nonexistent directory "../lib/gcc-lib/i386-winnt35/3.0.4/../../../../i386-winnt35/include" ignoring nonexistent directory "D:/pcem/building/MinGW/msys/1.0/local/include" ignoring nonexistent directory "NONE/include" ignoring nonexistent directory "D:/pcem/building/MinGW/msys/1.0/local/lib/gcc-lib/i386-winnt35/3.0.4/include" ignoring nonexistent directory "D:/pcem/building/MinGW/msys/1.0/local/lib/gcc-lib/i386-winnt35/3.0.4/../../../../i386-winnt35/include" ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/include" #include "..." search starts here: End of search list. <command line>: warning: "__STDC__" redefined <builtin>: warning: this is the location of the previous definition <command line>: warning: "__STDC__" redefined <command line>: warning: this is the location of the previous definition hi.c: In function `main': hi.c:3: warning: return type of `main' is not `int' as --traditional-format -o hi.o C:\Users\jason\AppData\Local\Temp\ccpflisr.s D:\proj\gcc-3.0.4\gcc>gcc hi.o -o hi D:\proj\gcc-3.0.4\gcc>hi Hello from GCC 3.0.4
So there you go, mysterious internet user! Download my source dump with binaries in the tree because I’m lazy.
I know this is what 99.99% of people hope I never do, but let’s make an incredibly insecure VPN! yay!
So the thing is that I have a cisco router and I’d love for it to connect to some Windows machine over an existing OpenVPN, and NAT out the Windows side. Except for getting the VPN installed, they won’t give me anything else. And they SURE as heck won’t let me connect a cisco router up…..
So first things first, I need to configure my cisco router for an IPIP tunnel, to my test Windows machine, and use the SLiRP default addresses:
description “SLiRP tunnel”
ip address 10.0.2.15 255.255.255.0
ip mtu 1452
tunnel source GigabitEthernet0/1
tunnel destination 192.168.1.10
tunnel mode ipip
Well then I went looking and found this fun filled page, about calling winioctl’s myself, and getting winsock to do all kinds of fun things. Namely how IPIP actually works, as it’s is it’s own protocol (none of that pesky TCP/UDP it’s IPIP!) and more importantly I can receive the traffic.
So looking at a quick UDP client/server I figured out that I can modify that so instead of listening with UDP like this:
if((s = socket(AF_INET , SOCK_DGRAM , 0 )) == INVALID_SOCKET)
I can instead call for a RAW socket, and listen on protocol #4 aka IPIP.
if((s = socket(AF_INET , SOCK_RAW , 4 )) == INVALID_SOCKET)
One caveat I had on this, is that you need to run as Administrator on the Windows machine to create raw sockets. If you don’t have administrator privleges you’ll get this error:
Now add in some nonblocking, and feed the data into SLiRP, and I got invalid data! Using wireshark I can see that I only receive the IP portion of the data, so no hardware frame, but what is more interesting is that I receive ALL of the IP information so I get the IP+IP+DATA. So I have to forge a L2 header, and cut out the first IP header. I did this by cheating, using the following for a L2 header:
I then just memcpy that to the start of my buffer, then copy in the rest of the received data like this:
And now I can forge data going to SLiRP to make it happy!
And sending replies didn’t make wireshark happy at all, as there is an L2 header in there, that just doesn’t make sense in L3 space, so I trimmed that with the following:
And now much to my amazement I can ping SLiRP from my 7206!
Ok, I know what you are thinking. ICMP is great, but how about TCP? Can I actually use this thing?
I add a route to my BBS over the SLiRP tunnel, with a simple route statement:
ip route 184.108.40.206 255.255.255.255 10.0.2.2
and then telnet…
So yes, it does actually work!\
I don’t think anyone will ever want to use this, but for me it’s 100% novelty in that I could.
I suppose later I could look at ipdecap, to work out how to work with GRE.
After scrounging around from an earlier post, on a DECUS mirror that goes back to 1989 I’ve put together the following source tapes:
Quite a list!
I haven’t tried to build any of it, but I figured for the time being, it may be easier to make some tap files for SIMH, and maybe someone else will do the hard work for me. Or it’ll be a lazy day type thing.
So yeah, I have one of those clients who wants to use ‘one of those’ file sharing sites. UGH. I swear I’m to the point of just paying for an Office 365 subscription for them so I don’t have to deal with this kind of shit. So I hit the site on my phone, then it jumps to this genchatu.top site. Fantastic.
Then I’m alerted that my phone is 28.1% DAMAGED, and somehow my phone’s SIM card will be damaged! Yes, it’s one of these scam sites!
Oh no, my phone apparently may be already physically damaged? I guess this is once someone is tricked by this official Google looking image you’ll want to throw your phone against the wall. As any user of Android will tell you updates from Google are non existent, and anything that could infect your phone, well is pretty much your problem. You can beg the vendor, but lol, good luck.
So with this scary and official looking thing it’s trying to railroad you into “Ace Cleaner” I don’t know how on earth they haven’t either been reported, or knocked out of the app store. I guess Google is busy teaming up with Facebook trying to figure out how to censor the new appropriately instead of trying to squash actual scam artists.
I honestly haven’t tracked any of these ‘reviews’ to see how many are just idiots, or how many are just ballot stuffers.
And of course you can’t just back away from the page, you get this nice thing along with something in java script that gets your phone to buzz and light up. Thanks Google! That’ll never get abused like the blink tag!
Oh no, I’ve been threatened to be blocked.
Oh dear. From the application page, let’s take a look:
So they know what you are running, and what bookmark’d sites you like.
They know WHO you are.
They know WHO you KNOW.
If you have any USB attached device, (flash drive, hard disk…) they can not only READ, but can MODIFY and DELETE the contents. NICE!
I suppose an album of bewildered users would be amusing from time to time. Also having the phone send videos of them doing various things.
Naturally they want to know about the Wi-Fi AP’s you use.
I guess knowing your phone charge status, and IEME #’s are good to know too. But wow check out the next laundry list!
Read / Write the home page, guess who you’ll be visiting quite often? Checking out your network, and say if you are somewhere where they want to upload a video, if they KNOW a WiFi network in the area they can have your phone join it, record you, upload it, and drop. Yeah great! I also like the drawing over other apps, that way you may THINK you are running another app, but they are just watching what you are doing. And maybe they’ll pass control down, maybe not.
I suppose it may be fun too if they have a subscription service, to buzz and turn on the camera flash to warn you that you got infected once your subscription lapsed, so you better pay up!
Seriously how do companies like this survive? I guess quite well. I guess I’m just more amazed by Google’s complacency in all of this. But at the same time they are an ADVERTISING COMPANY, and I’m the product, Android is just the TV programme to get me to watch their annoying ads. And considering their track record with illegal pharmacies, I guess it really is no surprise.
The truth is that no doubt that this kind of thing is just too profitable. And people will just fall time and time again for this trap.
I found a bunch of them here: ftp://ftp.ne.jp
CVS brows of the following:
I didn’t know that GNUmake 2.9 and prior was actually part of binutils. I guess at some point I’ll build the older ones on 4.2 BSD to round out the experience.
I haven’t tired to do anything, just yet, but yeah the SQL server portion is running!
In my quest for old software, I’ve seen this file in multiple searches, gcc-0.9.tar.bz2, which is the first version of GCC!
Date: Sun, 22 Mar 87 10:56:56 EST
From: rms (Richard M. Stallman)
The GNU C compiler is now available for ftp from the file
/u2/emacs/gcc.tar on prep.ai.mit.edu. This includes machine
descriptions for vax and sun, 60 pages of documentation on writing
machine descriptions (internals.texinfo, internals.dvi and Info
This also contains the ANSI standard (Nov 86) C preprocessor and 30
pages of reference manual for it.
This compiler compiles itself correctly on the 68020 and did so
recently on the vax. It recently compiled Emacs correctly on the
68020, and has also compiled tex-in-C and Kyoto Common Lisp.
However, it probably still has numerous bugs that I hope you will
find for me.
I will be away for a month, so bugs reported now will not be
handled until then.
If you can’t ftp, you can order a compiler beta-test tape from the
Free Software Foundation for $150 (plus 5% sales tax in
Massachusetts, or plus $15 overseas if you want air mail).
Free Software Foundation
1000 Mass Ave
Cambridge, MA 02138
[tapes are generally in Unix tar format. If you have other needs,
write to the above address, and ask if they can be met. -len]
And indeed, the files are dated 22/03/1987 making this the first public release of GCC.
GNU CC is a fairly portable optimizing C compiler intended for
machines with 32-bit words that have several registers and address
memory in terms of 8-bit bytes. It supports full ANSI standard C, not
including libraries (which we do not consider to be part of a
Currently we have working machine descriptions for the Vax and for
the 68000/68020 (including 68881 support).
Optimizations performed by GNU CC include:
GNU CC runs about as fast as PCC.
Most of the optimizations are machine-independent or controlled by a
machine description. GNU CC takes advantage of all the 68020
addressing modes that we can see how to make the Sun assembler
assemble. Debugging output for DBX is available whether you request
optimization or not.
Seeing as 4.3BSD didn’t ship until 1988, I went ahead and set out to build this on 4.2BSD. The first stumbling block I hit is that GCC needs bison. The oldest version of bison I have is 1.25 which honestly is just too new! However in the same location as GCC is this file gnu1988.tar.bz2 which contains all of the current GNU software of 1988! And what is on that tape?
So this is probably as old as it is going to get, so I downloaded and went to compile bison, however getopt is a missing call! A creative search found getopt.c and even better PCC liked it enough to get a running bison so I could then configure GCC.
Configuring GCC is a manual process, but not too involved:
And in a minute I had GCC compiled. I ran it with -v and got this output:
# gcc -v
ld /lib/crt0.o -lc
It really is nowhere near as featured as 1.21 that is for sure! So time to do a simple hello world program:
# cat hello.c
printf(“GCC 0.9 in action!\n”);
# gcc -v hello.c -o hello
cpp -Dvax hello.c /tmp/cc002050.cpp
cc1 /tmp/cc002050.cpp -quiet -dumpbase hello.c -noreg -o /tmp/cc002050.s
as -o hello.o /tmp/cc002050.s
ld -o hello /lib/crt0.o hello.o -lc
GCC 0.9 in action!
And there we go!
I don’t know why, but I haven’t seen anything about anyone actually running GCC 0.9. Or even where or how they found this ‘lost’ file. Let alone anyone even building or running it in 2016.
For anyone who wants to try, SIMH tape files of the binaries are here:
And of course source tapes are here.
So I just had made a nonsensical post on “Linux Apache GCC binutils elf .com a.out binary loader blob freedom Ralph Nader for president” and sure enough codesec.net picked it up
Usually they say that thievery is the highest compliment, but dam how about a reference back to the original?
To me the ultimate worst is how they butcher the content.
They capture none of the formatting, none of the love. Instead they just scoop and poop content.
It’s really not such a red flag, I mean They don’t copy everything so they miss so much, and of course now it just means I need to inject some obnoxious title, and you can view the rest and much more @ superglobalmegacorp.com nonsense.. I don’t worry so much about page views, but rather I think the serendipity of additional topics and page views is what I end up losing. Again it’s not that I advertise, I spend some $20 USD a month on a dedicated Iron server to run my blog on, but rather for me it is the conversation, and further engagement in comments that make it all worth while.
To me community engagement is the real currency. And my endless blathering is the honey trap.
Ha ha. Anyways I have more stuff to write on, not as naval gazing as this, but I did want someone else to write the magical words Ralph Nader for president.